Melon de Bourgogne

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Melon de Bourgogne
Grape (Vitis)
Melon de Bourgogne grapes
Color of berry skinBlanc
SpeciesVitis vinifera
Also calledMelon; (other names)
Notable regionsLoire Valley, Oregon, Washington, Southern Ontario
Notable winesMuscadet
VIVC number7615
Melon de Bourgogne grapes during flowering.

Melon de Bourgogne or Melon is a variety of white grape grown primarily in the Loire Valley region of France. It is also grown in North America. It is best known through its use in the white wine Muscadet.

In the U.S., Federal law prevents "Muscadet" from being used for American-produced wine; only the full name of the grape, or the shortened "Melon" can be used.[1]


As its name suggests, the grape originated in Burgundy and was grown there until its destruction was ordered in the early 18th century. In the vineyards around Nantes and the western Loire, however, the harsh winter of 1709 destroyed so many vines that a new variety was needed, and the Melon grape was introduced. Since then it has been used solely in the production of the light dry white wine Muscadet, which is made entirely from the Melon grape. The grape is so associated with its appellation that the grape itself is often known as Muscadet.

DNA analysis has revealed Melon de Bourgogne to be a cross between Pinot blanc and Gouais blanc.[2]

North America[edit]

A Melon de Bourgogne from the Dundee Hills AVA of Oregon.

As of 2007, the grape is grown in Oregon.[3] where it is known simply as Melon. The grape has been introduced into Washington by Perennial Vintners on Bainbridge Island, six miles across Puget Sound from Seattle.[4] This grape was brought to America in 1939, and was propagated incorrectly as Pinot Blanc in the early 1980s. For more on this error, see also "Melon de Bourgogne - History" at[5]


Melon de Bourgogne is also known under the synonyms Auxerrois Gros, Biaune, Blanc de Nantes, Bourgogne blanche, Bourgogne verde, Bourgogne verte, Bourguignon blanc, Clozier, Feher Nagyburgundi, Feuille Ronde, Gamay blanc, Gamay Blanc à Feuilles Rondes, Gamay Blanc Feuilles Rondes, Game Kruglolistnyi, Gros Auxerrois, Gros blanc, Grosse Saint Marie, Lyonnais, Lyonnaise blanche, Malin blanc, Mele, Melon, Meurlon, Mourlon, Muscadet, Perry, Petit Bourgogne, Petit Muscadet, Petite Biaune, Petoin, Petouin, Picarneau, Plant de Lons-Le-Saulnie, Roussette Basse, Später Weisser Burgunder, and Weisser Burgunder.[2]


  1. ^ Federal Register Vol. 61 No. 5 Archived 2019-06-08 at the Wayback Machine from the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
  2. ^ a b Melon Archived 2012-05-13 at the Wayback Machine, Vitis International Variety Catalogue, accessed 2010-12-03
  3. ^ "Melon de Bourgogne Wineries". December 31, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  4. ^ "2008 Melon de Bourgogne". Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  5. ^ Mike Lempriere "Melon de Bourgogne - History"

External links[edit]